HIGH-IMPACT PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES ARE ALLIED TO FIGHT OSTEOPOROSIS

The prevention of osteoporosis consists of a healthy lifestyle and eating foods that strengthen bones, such as those rich in calcium and vitamin D, milk and dairy products, sardines, soy, and dark green vegetables.

Bodybuilding and functional training are some of the exercises that help to gain bone mass.

“Better safe than sorry”. The saying used for countless situations fits perfectly when the subject is healthy, even more, when dealing with diseases that are still incurable, such as osteoporosis.

The disease, characterized by a progressive decrease in bone density, is asymptomatic and affects approximately 10 million Brazilians, but only 20% are aware of the condition.

The disease affects one in three women over 65 and one in five men over 70 years old.

The prevention of osteoporosis consists of a healthy lifestyle and eating foods that strengthen bones, such as those rich in calcium and vitamin D, milk and dairy products, sardines, soy, and dark green vegetables.

The practice of regular physical activities that help to gain bone mass, such as weight training, functional training, swimming, and volleyball, are also strong allies in combating osteoporosis.

Among these, weight training is the most indicated by health professionals.

“The regular practice of weight training ensures more resistant and protected bones by gaining muscle mass, in addition, exercise improves the immune system and contributes to increased strength and balance, an important factor to prevent falls, common situations in elderly people and that usually cause fractures”, explains Dr. Guilherme Laranja, a rheumatologist at the Vergueiro Unit of Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz.

The sooner an individual starts engaging in impactful activities, the better and more effective the results for preventing osteoporosis.

“Encouraging children to have an active lifestyle, through outdoor play, jumping rope and playing sports, for example, can make all the difference in the future.”

The doctor explains that bone mass develops until 20 and reaches the peak of its density at 30. “Therefore, the better the quality of the bone until this period, the slower the loss will be after that”, adds the specialist.

Diagnosis and treatment

Bone densitometry is still the best method for diagnosing osteoporosis. The test, which measures the amount of calcium in the bones, looks for and indicates the severity of the disease.

According to the specialist, the proper treatment of osteoporosis is effective and can reduce up to 70, 40, and 30% the risk of fractures of the spine, femur and ribs, wrists, and feet, respectively.

About Oswaldo Cruz German Hospital

Founded by a group of German-speaking immigrants, Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz is one of the largest hospitals in Latin America. With reference performance in highly complex services and an emphasis on the specialties of oncology and digestive diseases, the Institution completed 121 years in 2018.

For patients to have access to the highest standards of quality and safety in care, attested by the certification of the Joint Commission International (JCI) – the world’s leading health accreditation agency -, the Hospital has a renowned clinical staff, made up of more of 3,900 active registered doctors, and one of the most qualified assistance in the country.

Its total installed capacity is 805 beds, 582 in private healthcare, and 223 in public.

Since 2008, it has also operated in the public area as one of the five hospitals of excellence in the Support Program for Institutional Development of the Unified Health System (Prodi-SUS) of the Ministry of Health.

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All authors declared that there is no potential conflict of interest regarding.

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